January 02, 2019
Cats are very much like us, when there is an itch we will scratch until the itch subsides, with cats they can scratch themselves until they are red raw.
With excessive scratching and licking the affected areas only exacerbates the problems which can cause secondary bacterial infections to develop, which is a vicious cycle of self-harming.
Skin complaints can consist of lesions, flaky skin, bald patches and angry looking rashes.
So, what causes these problems and what is the right treatment?
There is a range of issues the main one is parasites because of the cycle of fleas from egg to larva to adult and especially if you have a few cats, they keep producing, to be in control of the problem can be a challenge this can cause sores, loss of fur, swelling of the skin and scabs especially around the tail and back part of the cat, an unpleasant allergic reaction flea allergy dermatitis.
Ear mites which can cause redness around the ears, often you will get black discharge so checking the ears for this and treating and keeping them clean. One of the symptoms includes brownish wax like material that appears within the ears, this can become quite serious and cause bacterial infection if left untreated.
Allergies to food and washing powders can cause issues like chicken, beef, corn, wheat and soya, seafood, with the cheaper brands they may not obtain the necessary proteins this can cause skin problems and make itching worse mainly around neck and head area.
Ringworm, also known as dermatophytosis, this is a fungal infection very common in cats, infects the superficial layers of the skin and nails. Microsporum canis is the most common and this can be transmitted between cats, dogs and people.
The lesions may be difficult to detect in cats, the skin may appear scaly and have round thickened patches of skin with hair loss. Patchy hair loss is common, mainly on the head, chest, along the back of the forelegs, the lesions are not usually itchy. All bedding, combs and bowls need to be cleaned thoroughly.
Environmental Allergies such as dust, mold, grass, pollen or even other animals, affected cats will rub their face, scratch their ears and under their armpits, and may over groom themselves resulting in a patchy appearance as they chew off their fur.
Bacterial Infections which is Pyoderma infection of the skin, is a common secondary condition in cats, a cat who is itching and grooming due to parasites, fungus, allergies can cause trauma to the skin, which allows the bacteria in the environment to take over and create a secondary infection.
Fur loss, peeling layers of skin, small pustules or spreading reddened lesions, which can reoccur.
Feline Acne is small blackheads on their chin and is contagious they are also called comedones, accumulate on the chin of affected cats this can affect any cat, any age, cause itching and hair loss in the affected regions.
A shiny healthy skin are good reflections of one’s health from time to time good quality cat supplements can help with maintaining health, also to worm and flea regularly and use good quality creams and shampoos made for cats.